Burma’s transition to democracy remains fraught with problems. The Rohingya have been denied citizenship for decades and remain extremely vulnerable to the hostile attitudes many Burmese hold. Violence at the hands of the Burmese military caused over 14,500 Rohingya to flee to Bangladesh in 2018, joining almost 1 million refugees from preceding years. They remain displaced as Bangladesh, Burma, and the international community determine next steps. The Burmese military continues to fight multiple ethnic rebellions, while the huge military presence in the government prevents many democratic reforms. While the House of Representatives recently voted to label the Rohingya crisis as a genocide, the U.S. government maintains a friendly relationship with the Burmese government. The U.S. government should use its influence to pressure Burma to improve its treatment of the Rohingya, allow for democratic reforms, and meaningfully engage in peace negotiations with ethnic minority groups. STAND advocates for sanctions on Burmese military officials to hold these individuals accountable for their actions; a multilateral arms embargo on the military; and a referral of the Rohingya situation to the International Criminal Court.
Sudan and South Sudan Sudan This month, Sudan’s government ratified a series of laws that included the criminalization of the wide-spread practice of female genital mutilation (FGM). Practices of FGM… Read more…